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Filling of artificial cavities “L’Aquila”

Filling of natural and artificial cavities

Project name Filling of artificial cavities "L'Aquila" Volume 3.000 m³ expanded clay 8-20 mm Location Caporciano, Italy Year 1990
Contractor Fondedile S.p.A. Designer Rodolfo Giacco Owner/Builder City of Caporciano


The composition of the underground soft rock gave place to a lot of artificial cavities excavated during the time by the population to obtain material and cattle storage. Over time some settlement problems begun to occur particularly in those zones in which the underground holes were more superficial and near to the buildings’ foundations.

Why Expanded Clay:

It was decided to fill the superficial stratum of cavities to prevent possible dangerous collapses and save the integrity of buildings. Expanded clay was the only material with low density and sufficient grain resistance to support the final load. In some cases it has been installed with a mixture of expanded clay and cement to increase the stiffness.


Some cavities were very hardly to reach by the normal machines and trucks. For this reason lot of quantities of expanded clay were pumped directly into holes.

Key Issues:

Blowing and Stability

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